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Old 12-20-2012, 08:43 PM   #1  
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Joined APC: Jun 2009
Position: 757/767 FO
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Default CAL 10K Risk Factors/Not looking Good in 08


Item 1A. Risk Factors.

There are many factors that continue to threaten our operations, financial condition, results of operations and liquidity. These factors are discussed below.

Risk Factors Relating to the Company

Fuel prices or disruptions in fuel supplies could have a material adverse effect on us. Expenditures for fuel and related taxes represent the largest single cost of operating our business. These costs include fuel costs on flights flown for us under capacity purchase agreements. Our operations depend on the availability of jet fuel supplies, and our results are significantly impacted by changes in jet fuel prices, which have been extremely volatile in recent months. Jet fuel prices have recently decreased precipitously after increasing significantly in 2007 and achieving record levels in 2008.

Although we experienced some success in raising ticket prices and adding or increasing other fees during part of 2008, we were unable to increase our revenue sufficiently to keep pace with the escalating fuel prices and suffered a substantial loss in 2008. If fuel prices return to these historically high levels in the future, we may again be unable to increase fares or other fees sufficiently to offset fully our increased fuel costs.

We routinely hedge a portion of our future fuel requirements. However, there can be no assurance that, at any given point in time, our hedge contracts will provide any particular level of protection against increased fuel costs or that our counterparties will be able to perform under our hedge contracts, such as in the case of a counterparty's bankruptcy. Additionally, a deterioration in our financial condition could negatively affect our ability to enter into new hedge contracts in the future.

Significant declines in fuel prices (such as those experienced over the past several months) may increase the costs associated with our fuel hedging arrangements to the extent we have entered into swaps or collars. Swaps and the put option sold as part of a collar obligate us to make payments to the counterparty upon settlement of the contracts if the price of the commodity hedged falls below the agreed upon amount. Declining crude oil prices have resulted in us being required to post significant amounts of collateral to cover potential amounts owed with respect to contracts that have not yet settled. Additionally, lower fuel prices may result in increased industry capacity and lower fares, especially to the extent that reduced fuel costs justify increased utilization by airlines of less fuel efficient aircraft that are unprofitable during periods of higher fuel prices.

Well, fuel prices did come down so I guess they parked approx 100 UAL 737's to fix that industry overcapacity.

We have decided to change our global airline alliance, which could involve significant transition and integration risks. During 2008, we entered into framework agreements with United, Lufthansa and Air Canada, each a member of Star Alliance, pursuant to which we are winding down and exiting our participation in our current alliance, SkyTeam, and plan to join United, Lufthansa and Air Canada (and other member airlines) in Star Alliance. This change from SkyTeam to Star Alliance could involve significant transition and integration risks, both because we are required to end our participation in SkyTeam and wind down our existing SkyTeam relationships prior to our being able to participate in Star Alliance and because we may incur costs and/or a loss of revenue (or a delay in anticipated increased revenue from the new alliance) in connection with these changes. The significant transition and integration risks include:

Sounds like a good reason to park 100 UAL 737's and shift the revenue to CAL at the expense of 1437 UAL furloughees.

our inability to terminate our existing agreements with individual SkyTeam members and to commence participation in Star Alliance in the transition period we have anticipated;

significant revenue dilution as we wind down our participation in SkyTeam and/or insufficient or delay in receipt of revenue from our participation in Star Alliance, including an inability to maintain our key customer and business relationships as we transition to Star Alliance;

our incurrence, as a result of the wind down of our SkyTeam relationships, of costs in excess of our expectations and/or costs of an unanticipated nature, the amount and timing of which cannot be estimated at this time, but which could be material individually or in the aggregate;

an inability to join or a delay in joining Star Alliance due to lack of applicable approvals or difficulty in satisfying entrance requirements, including the requirement that we enter into certain bilateral agreements with each member of Star Alliance; and

difficulties integrating our technology processes with Star Alliance members.

If any of these risks or costs materialize, they could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
The troubled global capital markets coupled with our high leverage may affect our ability to satisfy our significant financing needs or meet our obligations. As is the case with many of our principal competitors, we have a high proportion of debt compared to our capital. We have a significant amount of fixed obligations, including debt, aircraft leases and financings, leases of airport property and other facilities and pension funding obligations. At December 31, 2008, we had approximately $5.9 billion of long-term debt and capital lease obligations, including $2.4 billion that will come due by the end of 2011.

In addition, we have substantial non-cancelable commitments for capital expenditures, including the acquisition of new aircraft and related spare engines. We have financing in place for three of the Boeing 737 aircraft scheduled for delivery in 2009 and have reached an agreement in principle with a bank for it to provide financing for three other Boeing 737 aircraft scheduled for delivery in 2009. Boeing has agreed to provide backstop financing for all of the additional 11 Boeing 737 aircraft scheduled for delivery through February 2010 (or 14 such additional aircraft if we fail to reach a definitive agreement for the financing described in the previous sentence), subject to customary conditions. However, we do not have backstop financing or any other financing currently in place for our other aircraft on order.

The current economic crisis has severely disrupted the global capital markets, resulting in a diminished availability of financing and higher cost for financing that is obtainable. If the capital markets do not improve, whether through measures implemented by the U.S. and foreign governments, such as the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, or otherwise, we may be unable to obtain financing on acceptable terms (or at all) to refinance certain maturing debt we would normally expect to refinance and to satisfy future capital commitments. As a result, the continued lack of liquidity in the capital markets could have a material adverse effect on our ability to honor our contractual commitments and our results of operations and financial condition.

Credit rating downgrades could have a material adverse effect on our liquidity. Reductions in our credit ratings may increase the cost and reduce the availability of financing to us in the future. We do not have any debt obligations that would be accelerated as a result of a credit rating downgrade. However, we would have to post additional collateral under our credit card processing agreements with Chase Bank USA, N.A. ("Chase") and American Express and under our workers' compensation program if our debt rating falls below specified levels.

I have not checked, did the credit ratings fall below that level or did the merger agreement rectify this problem?

Failure to meet our financial covenants would adversely affect our liquidity. Our credit card processing agreement with Chase (the "Chase processing agreement") contains financial covenants which require, among other things, that we post additional cash collateral if we fail to maintain (1) a minimum level of unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments, (2) a minimum ratio of unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments to current liabilities of 0.25 to 1.0 or (3) a minimum senior unsecured debt rating of at least Caa3 and CCC- from Moody's and Standard & Poor's, respectively. If a covenant trigger under the Chase processing agreement results in our posting additional collateral under that agreement, we would also be required to post additional collateral under our credit card processing agreement with American Express.

The amount of additional cash collateral that we may be required to post in the event of our failure to comply with the financial covenants described above, which is based on our then-current air traffic liability exposure (as defined in each agreement), could be significant. See Item 7. "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations - Liquidity and Capital Resources - Other Liquidity Matters - Bank Card Processing Agreements" for a detailed discussion of our collateral posting obligations under these credit card processing agreements.

Depending on our unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments balance at the time, the posting of a significant amount of cash collateral could cause our unrestricted cash and short-term investments balance to fall below the minimum balance of $1.0 billion required under our $350 million secured term loan facility, resulting in a default under that facility. The posting of such additional collateral under these circumstances and/or the acceleration of amounts borrowed under our secured term loan facility (or other remedies pursued by the lenders thereunder) would likely have a material adverse effect on our financial condition.

We are currently in compliance with all of the covenants under these agreements.

Did the situation improve for CAL or did UAL have the cash to satisfy CAL's predicament?

Our obligations for funding our defined benefit pension plans are affected by factors beyond our control. We have defined benefit pension plans covering substantially all of our U.S. employees other than employees of Chelsea Food Services and CMI. The timing and amount of our funding requirements under these plans depend upon a number of factors, including labor negotiations and changes to pension plan benefits as well as factors outside of our control, such as the number of retiring employees, asset returns, interest rates and changes in pension laws. Changes to these and other factors, such as liquidity requirements, that can significantly increase our funding requirements could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition.

I wonder if any UAL cash was used to satisfy any of CAL's pension obligations?

Delays in scheduled aircraft deliveries may adversely affect our international growth. Our future success depends, in part, on continuing our profitable international growth. Because all of our long-range aircraft are already fully utilized, we will need to acquire additional long-range aircraft to continue our projected international growth. Although we have contractual commitments to purchase the long-range aircraft that we currently believe will be necessary for our international growth, significant delays in their deliveries have occurred, adversely affecting our planned international growth. If significant delays in the deliveries of these new aircraft continue to occur, we would need to either further curtail our international growth or try to make alternate arrangements to acquire aircraft, possibly on less financially favorable terms, including higher ownership and operating costs.

No problem, just park 100 of UAL's 737's, furlough 1437 UAL pilots and shift all that revenue through the code share agreement to CAL to keep them from going bankrupt.

Interruptions or disruptions in service at one of our hub airports could have a material adverse effect on our operations. We operate principally through our hub operations at New York Liberty, Houston Bush, Cleveland Hopkins and Guam. Substantially all of our flights either originate from or fly into one of these locations, contributing to a large amount of "origin and destination" traffic. A significant interruption or disruption in service at one of our hubs resulting from air traffic control delays, weather conditions or events, growth constraints, relations with third party service providers, failure of computer systems, labor relations, fuel supplies, terrorist activities or otherwise could result in the cancellation or delay of a significant portion of our flights and, as a result, our business could be materially adversely affected.

So, only having 3 domestic hubs is detrimental to running an airline?

We could experience adverse publicity and declining revenues as a result of an accident involving our aircraft or the aircraft of our regional carriers. Any accident involving an aircraft that we operate or an aircraft that is operated under our brand by one of our regional carriers could have a material adverse effect on us if such accident created a public perception that our operations or those of our regional carriers are less safe or reliable than other airlines, resulting in passengers being reluctant to fly on us or our regional carriers. In addition, any such accident could expose us to significant tort liability. Although we currently maintain liability insurance in amounts and of the type we believe to be consistent with industry practice to cover damages arising from any such accidents, and our regional carriers carry similar insurance and generally indemnify us for their operations on our behalf, if our liability exceeds the applicable policy limits or the ability of a carrier to indemnify us, we could incur substantial losses from an accident.

Denver incident off the runway and Buffalo, NY/Colgan Air.

Our net operating loss carryforwards may be limited. At December 31, 2008, we had estimated net operating loss carryforwards ("NOLs") of $3.8 billion for federal income tax purposes that expire beginning in 2009 and continuing through 2028. Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code ("Section 382") imposes limitations on a corporation's ability to utilize NOLs if it experiences an "ownership change." In general terms, an ownership change may result from transactions increasing the ownership of certain stockholders in the stock of a corporation by more than 50 percentage points over a three-year period.

Is this the reason for the Reverse Triangular Merger?

In the event of an ownership change, utilization of our NOLs would be subject to an annual limitation under Section 382 determined by multiplying the value of our stock at the time of the ownership change by the applicable long-term tax-exempt rate (which is 5.40% for December 2008). Any unused annual limitation may be carried over to later years.

For purposes of Section 382, increases in share holdings by, or that result in a person becoming, a holder of 5% or more of the outstanding shares of our common stock are aggregated for purposes of determining whether an "ownership change" has occurred. Because our common stock has been trading at low market prices, the cost of acquiring a sufficient number of shares of our common stock to become a holder of 5% or more of the outstanding shares, and the cost of acquiring additional shares by existing holders, has decreased significantly from historical levels, increasing the possibility that we could experience an "ownership change." Although we cannot currently predict whether or when such an "ownership change" may occur, an ownership change as of December 31, 2008 would have resulted in a $119 million limit to our annual NOL utilization, before consideration of any built-in gains. The imposition of this limitation on our ability to use our NOLs to offset future taxable income could cause us to pay U.S. federal income taxes earlier than if such limitation were not in effect and could cause such NOLs to expire unused, reducing or eliminating the benefit of such NOLs. In addition, depending on the market value of our common stock at the time of any such ownership change, we may be required to recognize a significant non-cash tax charge, the amount of which we cannot estimate at this time.

Well, Black Rock did acquire about 6% of CAL stock. Did that trigger the limitation of the NOL's under section 382? What effect does/did that have?

Risk Factors Relating to the Airline Industry

There may be additional consolidation or changes in airline alliances and/or joint ventures in the future, any of which could change the competitive landscape for the airline industry and have a material adverse effect on us.

I guess CAL would have been "eking out a hand to mouth existence" (jeff Smisek) if UAL and USAir would have merged per their talks in 2010 and is why CAL moved very quickly to be bought by UAL.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

Item 2. Properties.

Flight Equipment

As of December 31, 2008, our operating fleet consisted of 350 mainline jets and 282 regional aircraft. The 350 mainline jets are operated exclusively by us, while the 282 regional aircraft are operated on our behalf by other operators under capacity purchase agreements.

We own or lease 274 regional jets. Of these, 214 are leased or subleased to ExpressJet and operated on our behalf under a capacity purchase agreement with ExpressJet, 30 regional jet aircraft are subleased to ExpressJet but are not operated on our behalf and 30 ERJ-135 regional jet aircraft are temporarily grounded. Additionally, our regional operating fleet includes 68 regional jet and turboprop aircraft owned or leased by third parties that are operated on our behalf by other operators under capacity purchase agreements.

The following table summarizes our operating fleet (aircraft operated by us and by others on our behalf) as of December 31, 2008:
Table deleted for space

Most of the aircraft and engines we own are subject to mortgages.

Mainline Fleet Activity.

Firm Order and Option Aircraft. As of December 31, 2008, we had firm commitments for 87 new aircraft (54 Boeing 737 aircraft, eight Boeing 777 aircraft and 25 Boeing 787 aircraft) scheduled for delivery from 2009 through 2016, with an estimated aggregate cost of $5.6 billion including related spare engines. We are currently scheduled to take delivery of 13 Boeing 737 aircraft in 2009 and 11 Boeing 737 aircraft and two Boeing 777 aircraft in 2010. In addition to our firm order aircraft, we had options to purchase a total of 102 additional Boeing aircraft as of December 31, 2008.

We have also agreed to lease four Boeing 757-300 aircraft from Boeing Capital Corporation. We expect that these aircraft will be placed into service in the first half of 2010.
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Old 12-20-2012, 09:21 PM   #2  
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Is it Flamebait Friday already??

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Old 12-20-2012, 09:59 PM   #3  
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Position: A320 CA - SFO
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It took all of 15 seconds to find this little nugget in the UAL 3/31/10 10k.

Encumbered Assets. As of March 31, 2010 and 2009, a substantial portion of the Company’s assets, principally aircraft, spare engines, aircraft
spare parts, route authorities and Mileage Plus intangible assets were pledged under various loan and other agreements. After the assets pledged under the
Senior Notes issuance, discussed above, were released from the Amended Credit Facility in April 2010, a balance of approximately $200 million in
unencumbered assets remains.


Only 200 million of unencumbered assets for a company just a little over 3 years out of bankruptcy?

We can do this all day and get absolutely nowhere. We both sucked.
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Old 12-20-2012, 10:15 PM   #4  
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Quote:
Originally Posted by LCAL dude View Post
Is it Flamebait Friday already??

Well said, thread closed
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