Go Back  Airline Pilot Central Forums > Pilot Lounge > Safety
Runway Incursions >

Runway Incursions

Safety Accidents, suggestions on improving safety, etc

Runway Incursions

Old 09-04-2012, 08:11 AM
Gets Weekends Off
Thread Starter
Joined APC: Mar 2008
Position: FAA 'Flight Check'
Posts: 13,835
Default Runway Incursions

Chicago Midway International Airport Runway Safety Information
Notice Number: NOTC3399
Many Runway Incursions are caused by transient pilots, not local pilots. For example, in 2011, there were 3 runway incursions at Midway Airport, and so far this year there have been 2; there were only 3 in the previous 4 years combined. All 8 were committed by GA pilots not based at Midway or a local airport. This is an unfortunate trend and that is why you are receiving this message.
Chicago Midway Airport is known as the "World's busiest square mile". In 2011, there were over 255,000 total operations which included over 43,000 General Aviation Operations.
Due to the large amount of traffic and the airport's complex runway and taxiway configuration, taxi routes at Midway require pilots to remain vigilant and ensure that their situational awareness remains high at all times.
The Midway Airport's runway configuration, close proximity parallel runways and associated taxiways generate some uncommon Runway Hold Positions. In many cases the taxiways do not intersect the runways at right angles and can lead to confusion. The HOLD LINE for Runway 22 RIGHT on TAXIWAY PAPA is a good example (Click here to see photos and taxi diagram (https://www.faasafety.gov/files/notices/2012/Aug/MDW_SPANS_Notice.pdf)). This hold line is several hundred feet short of Runway 22R. The turn from Taxiway P onto Runway 22R requires a 140 degree change in direction. Night and/or low visibility conditions only exacerbate the situation.
This Runway Hold Position has been designated as Hot Spot 5 and is clearly marked with new Elevated Runway Guard Lights, Runway Holding Position Signs, a Surface Painted Holding Position Sign, Runway Holding Position Markings and Enhanced Taxiway Centerline.
It is imperative that pilots know their position at all times! Lack of situational awareness is a major factor in runway incursions.
Please review the following Best Practices and incorporate them into your flight operations -

Best Practices for AIRFIELD SAFETY - Pilots

The best practices were developed by FAA staff to help pilots improve safety by giving guidelines that should be followed to keep skills and focus current and vigilant. Remember: over 80% of pilot caused runway incursions occur during taxi to the departure runway....
1. Review and understand airfield signage and markings.
2. Review the appropriate airport diagrams. Review any Hot Spots identified on the diagram. Print a copy for use in the cockpit.
3. Review airfield NOTAMS and current ATIS for any taxiway closures, runway closures, construction activity, or other airfield specific risks.
4. Brief any passengers on the importance to minimize discussions, questions, and conversation during taxi (maintain a “sterile cockpit”).
1. Have the airport diagram out and available for immediate reference during taxi.
2. Review current ATIS for any taxiway closures, runway closures, construction activity, or other airfield specific risks.
3. During radio transmissions, use correct terminology and proper voice cadence.
4. Copy the taxi clearance and use the airport diagram to review the taxi route to the assigned runway prior to releasing brakes and beginning taxi.
5. Eliminate distractions while taxiing in the operational area.
6. Focus attention and have your "eyes out" of the cockpit when taxiing.
7. Maintain appropriate taxi speed.
8. Be alert to similar call signs operating on the field.
9. STOP aircraft on the taxiway and request ATC clarification if there is confusion regarding aircraft position or ATC taxi clearance.
10. Prior to crossing any runway during taxi, ensure you have a clearance to cross. Visually check to ensure there is no conflicting traffic prior to crossing the runway.
11. If there is any doubt that the runway is clear, reconfirm crossing clearance with ATC.
12. Be aware that hold short lines can be as far as 400’ from the runway due to new Precision Obstacle Free Zone (POFZ) requirements.
13. Maintain a “sterile cockpit” when taxiing.
1. If cleared to “line up and wait”, turn on all exterior lights except take-off/landing lights. If you have been holding in position on the runway for more than 90 seconds, or upon seeing a potential conflict, contact the tower.
2. When “cleared for takeoff”, turn on all exterior lights, including take-off/landing lights.
3. Note that if you see an aircraft in take-off position on a runway with take-off/landing lights ON, that aircraft has most likely received its take-off clearance and will be departing immediately.
4. When assigned a departure at an intersection versus a full length takeoff, state “intersection departure” at the end of the take-off clearance readback.
5. Conduct "Clearing Turns" to check all areas prior to entering ANY runway.
1. Wait until you have exited the active runway and you are sure of your taxi clearance prior to beginning an after-landing checklist
2. Follow the same TAXI Best Practices above.


USMCFLYR is offline  
Old 09-13-2012, 10:05 PM
AAmerican Way for AA Pay
B757200ER's Avatar
Joined APC: Oct 2005
Position: B-737 Pilot
Posts: 1,617

Great summary here:

Transportation Safety - NTSB - National Transportation Safety Board
B757200ER is offline  
Old 09-14-2012, 05:04 AM
Gets Weekends Off
Joined APC: Aug 2010
Position: N/A
Posts: 560

I wonder how long it takes to stop a Boeing going 35 knots if the pilot sees an unexpected hold short line?
Duckdude is offline  
Related Topics
Thread Starter
Last Post
10-18-2010 08:51 AM
Hangar Talk
08-04-2010 11:59 PM
Hangar Talk
06-17-2010 01:54 PM
11-24-2006 01:55 AM
10-10-2006 08:20 AM

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On

Thread Tools
Search this Thread